Halide Edib Adıvar was a prominent Turkish novelist, a political activist, and a prominent figure in the early years of the Turkish Republic. She was the first female Turkish novelist to be recognized for her work in literature, and was a vocal advocate for women's rights in Turkey. She wrote novels, short stories, and essays about women's rights and other social issues, and her works were translated into several languages. She is best known for her novel The Clown and His Daughter, which earned her the title of the "first female Turkish novelist". In addition to her literary works, Adıvar was a strong advocate for women's rights and worked to improve the status of women in Turkey. She founded the Women's Solidarity Association, which focused on improving the educational and economic opportunities available to women, and she was a major figure in the effort to pass the 1935 Turkish Civil Code, which granted women more rights. She was also a founding member of the Republican People's Party, and was an important figure in the formation of the Turkish Republic. Today, Halide Edib Adıvar is remembered as a pioneer in Turkish literature, and her works continue to be read and discussed.