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1. Luther, 500 Years Later: How the Reformation Changed the World This article from The Guardian looks at the legacy of Martin Luther 500 years after the Reformation. It covers Luther's impact on the Catholic Church and Christianity, as well as his influence on politics and society. It also examines how Luther's ideas and teachings have shaped the modern world. 2. 5 Things You Didn't Know About Martin Luther This article from National Geographic looks at five lesser-known facts about Martin Luther and the Reformation. It covers Luther's education, his views on predestination, his musical talents, and the impact of his 95 Theses. 3. Martin Luther: The Reformation This video from The History Channel looks at the life and legacy of Martin Luther. It examines how Luther sparked the Reformation and why his ideas were so revolutionary at the time. It also explains how Luther's teachings influenced the Catholic Church and Christianity as a whole. 4. Martin Luther: The Legacy of the Reformation This video from PBS looks at the legacy of the Reformation and how Luther's teachings shaped the modern world. It examines the impact of Luther's ideas on religion, politics, and society and how his reforms

Edition for Educators — “I Can Only Raise My Voice” | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives

In 1870, Joseph Hayne Rainey of South Carolina became the first African-American lawmaker elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. The longest-serving Black Member of Congress during Reconstruction, Rainey advocated for the rights and welfare of Black Americans from his seat in Congress. “I can only raise my voice, and I would do it if it were the last time I ever did it, in defense of my rights and in the interests of my oppressed people,” Rainey declared on the House Floor in 1877.In honor of Black History Month, this Edition for Educators features the words of 15 of the nearly 200 Black men and women who have served in Congress, sharing their perspective regarding the fight to secure civil rights and the effort to commemorate that movement. The quotations below are drawn from the wealth of resources available on the Office of the Historian’s website, including the revised edition of Black Americans in Congress, 1870–2022, the biographical profiles which detail the lives and congressional careers of every former Black Member of Congress, and oral histories conducted by the Office of the Historian.The Fight for Civil Rights“Mr. Speaker, all these people ask is an equal chance in the race of life, and the same privileges and protection meted out to other classes of people in our land. We cannot engage in the industrial pursuits, educate our children, defend our lives and property in the courts, receive the comforts provided in our common conveyances necessary to our wives and little ones if not essentially so to us, and, in short, engage in the ‘pursuit of happiness’ as rational beings, when we are circumscribed within the narrowest possible limits on every hand, disowned, spit upon, and outraged in a thousand ways.”Alonzo J. Ransier of South Carolina, on the state of Black civil rights in 1874“And when every man, woman, and child can feel and know that his, her, and their rights are fully protected by the strong arm of a generous and grateful Republic, then we can all truthfully say that this beautiful land of ours, over which the Star Spangled Banner so triumphantly waves, is, in truth and in fact, the ‘land of the free and the home of the brave.’”John R. Lynch of Mississippi, during debate on the Civil Rights Act of 1875“This, Mr. Chairman, is perhaps the negroes’ temporary farewell to the American Congress; but let me say, Phoenix-like he will rise up someday and come again. These parting words are in behalf of an outraged, heart-broken, bruised, and bleeding, but God-fearing people, faithful, industrious, loyal people—rising people, full of potential force.”George Henry White of North Carolina, upon retiring from Congress, 1901“If we allow segregation and the denial of constitutional rights under the Dome of the Capitol, where in God’s name will we get them?”Oscar De Priest of Illinois, on segregation in the House Restaurant, 1934“My rise has been constantly fighting. And I have had to fight doubly hard because I am a woman. I am a very different sort of person than usually emerges on the political scene.”Shirley Chisholm of New York, on her political career, 1969“I just cannot believe that here in 1975 on the floor of the Senate we are ready to say to the American people, black or white, red or brown, ‘You just cannot even be assured the basic right to vote in this country.’”Edward W. Brooke of Massachusetts, during 1975 Senate debate to extend the Voting Rights Act of 1965“We are a people in search of a national community, attempting to fulfill our national purpose, to create and sustain a society in which all of us are equal. . . . We cannot improve on the system of government, handed down to us by the founders of the Republic, but we can find new ways to implement that system and to realize our destiny.”Barbara Jordan of Texas, in her keynote speech at the Democratic National Convention, 1976“I believe that we should be doing everything in our power to make it easier for eligible American citizens to exercise their constitutional right to vote.”Elijah E. Cummings of Maryland, remarks on H.R. 1, the For the People Act, 2019Audio Clip: “Just Permanent Interests” – William Lacy “Bill” Clay Sr. of MissouriVideo Clip: Women and the Civil Rights Movement – Yvonne Brathwaite BurkeAudio Clip: Bloody Sunday – John Lewis of GeorgiaCommemoration and Remembrance“The legislation before us will act as a national commitment to Dr. King’s vision and determination for an ideal America, which he spoke of the night before his death, where equality will always prevail.”Katie Hall of Indiana, on the establishment of the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. federal holiday, 1983“I had a lingering kind of adoration in my own soul for Rosa. I always believed in my heart that it was Rosa who paved the way for me to go to Congress and to other places. I felt like it then became my purpose to give her some honor, to repay her.”Julia May Carson of Indiana, on honoring Rosa Parks in Congress, 1999Audio Clip: “We’re Seekers” – John Lewis of GeorgiaVideo Clip: Answering the Call to Run for Congress – Eva M. Clayton of North CarolinaVideo Clip: African Americans and Congress – Kendrick B. Meek of FloridaThis is part of a series of blog posts for educators highlighting the resources available on History, Art & Archives of the U.S. House of Representatives. For lesson plans, fact sheets, glossaries, and other materials for the classroom, see the website's Education section.